Pontoppidan, Henrik

(1857-1943)
   A Danish novelist and short story writer, Pontoppidan came from a staunchly Lutheran background, against which he rebelled with gusto. After studying engineering and teaching at a folk high school, he published the short story collection Stækkede Vinger (1881; Clipped Wings), the stories in which are marked by the pessimism and determinist leanings of the literary movement called naturalism. Two other short story collections, Landsbybilleder (1883; Village Sketches) and Fra Hytterne (1887; From the Cottages), offer naturalistic depictions of Danish rural life. Mimoser (1886; tr. The Apothecary's Daughter, 1890) is the work of a great ironist.
   The core of Pontoppidan's oeuvre is three major novels. Det forjættede Land (1891-1895; tr. The Promised Land, 1896) is a bitter satire on the educational movement inaugurated by N. S. F. Grundtvig, the Danish folk high schools. The young minister who is the protagonist of the novel seeks a sufficiently strong faith to sustain him in an idealistic project. He fails and descends into madness. In Lykke-Per (1898-1904; Lucky Per) the protagonist defies the will of his religious father. Although he is met with outward success, he also experiences an inward failure. De Dødes Rige (1912-1916; The Kingdom of the Dead) tells about a group of characters who pessimistically conclude that their lives are metaphysically scripted, and that free will is an illusion. With a mind-set like that, death equals deliverance.
   Pontoppidan received the Nobel Prize for literature in 1917. He wrote some additional shorter novels as well as a memoir in four volumes (1933-1940).

Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater. . 2006.

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  • Pontoppidan, Henrik — born July 24, 1857, Fredericia, Den. died Aug. 21, 1943, Ordrup, near Copenhagen Danish realist writer of novels and short stories. He studied engineering and worked as a teacher before taking up writing. His works, typically written in a cold,… …   Universalium

  • Pontoppidan, Henrik — ► (1857 1943) Novelista danés. Autor de Pedro el Afortunado. Fue premio Nobel de Literatura en 1917, compartido con Gjellerup. * * * (24 jul. 1857 Fredericia, Dinamarca–21 ago. 1943 Ordrup, cerca de Copenhagen). Escritor danés de novelas y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pontoppidan,Henrik — Pon·top·pi·dan (pŏn tŏpʹĭ dăn , dän ), Henrik. 1857 1943. Danish writer known for his three novel series The Promised Land (1891 1895). He shared the 1917 Nobel Prize for literature. * * * …   Universalium

  • Pontoppidan — Pontoppidan, Henrik …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Henrik Pontoppidan — (* 24. Juli 1857 in Fredericia; † 21. August 1943 in Kopenhagen) war ein dänischer Schriftsteller. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henrik Pontoppidan — Henrik Pontoppidan. Henrik Pontoppidan (n. Fredericia, Dinamarca, 24 de julio de 1857 † Copenhague, 21 de agosto de 1943). Novelista danés, ganador del Premio Nobel de Literatura en 1917. Contenido …   Wikipedia Español

  • Henrik Pontoppidan — (24 juillet 1857 – 21 août 1943) est un écrivain réaliste danois. Il est issu d une famille ancienne dont un ancêtre au XVIIème siècle avait pris le nom latinisé de Pontoppidan parce qu il était régisseur du domaine de Broby (bro = pons, by =… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • PONTOPPIDAN (H.) — PONTOPPIDAN HENRIK (1857 1943) L’un des paradoxes qu’impose l’étude de l’œuvre de Pontoppidan, romancier danois qui se définissait lui même comme «un simple soldat dans l’éternelle lutte pour la libération de l’esprit humain», est qu’il ait pu… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Pontóppidan — Pontóppidan, Henrik, dän. Romanschriftsteller, geb. 24. Juli 1857 in Fredericia; schrieb: »Mimoser« (1887), »Muld« (1891), »Den gamle Adam« (1894), »Der forjœttede Land« (1893) u.a …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Henrik Pontoppidan — Infobox writer name = Henrik Pontoppidan imagesize = 150px birthdate = birth date|1857|7|24|mf=y birthplace = Fredericia, Denmark deathdate = death date and age|1943|8|21|1857|7|24|mf=y deathplace = Charlottenlund nationality = Danish genre =… …   Wikipedia

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